The Black Mouth Cur is a well-muscled rugged hunting and cattle dog whose coat comes in a number of colors and shades, generally red, yellow, brindle, fawn, blue or buckskin. Solid black or white Black Mouth Cur do, on rare occasion, appear in a breeding. According to the United Kennel Club Standard, up to ten percent of the coat may be white with the amounts of white on the toes, tail, nose and chest considered acceptable. None of the Cur breeds are currently recognized breeds of the American Kennel Club (AKC).
The breed has a litter of 3-9, and a lifespan of 12–16 years.
Black Mouth Curs have short coats, either coarse or fine, and a combination of the two types may appear in the same litter. They can be a light solid color or a darker brindle.
Head: The muzzle is square-shaped. It may have a melanistic mask, which is most often black. Maskless dogs are allowed but not preferred. The name ‘Black Mouth’ refers to the dark pigmentation around the lips that also extends into the interior of the mouth including the roof of the mouth, gums, and cheeks, excluding the tongue. The ears are medium-sized and hanging and may either be melanistic like the muzzle or the same color as the coat. The rarer dogs of hunting bloodlines tend to have the ears cropped soon after birth.
Tail: The tail of a Black Mouth Cur is of medium length and is generally left natural, although it may also be docked.
Feet: The feet are large and webbed, similar to a Catahoula Leopard Dog.
Black Mouth Curs are great family dogs. They are great social dogs if trained properly. The BMC is a “very smart” breed who “by nature need to bond a few weeks” with their owner/trainer before training can begin. The breed shows great loyalty and may even die for their owner. Great around children, they have great potential to “make wonderful family dogs.” As they grow older they become very laid back. “The BMC was bred as a homestead dog that would protect its family and home against intruders. This means that a well-bred BMC is territorial. Most BMCs off their ‘turf’ work well with other dogs, hunting or herding stock, but on their family property will chase the same dog away. Their turf can be viewed by the dog as the family’s home, land, truck, or sometimes proximity to ‘their person’.”
Though many health issues affect dogs of all breeds and can affect the Black Mouth Cur, they seem to be a rather hardy breed. Their average life span is 12–16 years of age. As with other similar breeds, entropion (slight turning in of eyelid) is a correctable health issue. Their active nature exposes them to the possibility of torn ligaments and pulled muscles.
“The BMC is genetically very athletic and eager to please. Given proper guidance and training, a BMC can excel in just about any activity you could imagine. They can herd animals, track or trail game, pull weights, run in a coursing event, work as a Search and Rescue dog, or anything else a smart, athletic dog that wants to please its owner can do.” Black Mouth Curs are used for herding cattle, baying hogs, hunting squirrel, raccoon, bear and mountain lion. All Black Mouth Curs excel at baying and herding. They will tree game. The Ladner line has specifically been bred to promote this treeing. The BMC is a very versatile dog and a single dog can be used to bay, herd, and tree depending upon the handler’s desire. They have also been noted to be successful deer tracking dogs in the South.